The EPR paradox, that we met in a previous video, tells us 2 entangled particles can effect each other no matter now far away they are. But then why can't we use them to send instant messages across the universe? Einstein's relativity tells us it would be a disaster if we could!
Prove that faster than light communication doesn't work for the state in the video, when Alice measures up and down-ness, but Bob measures left-rightness.
Look up and then explain the usefulness of a one-time pad. Also explain whether a one time pad coming from a bunch of shared particles is secure if Eve is trying to measure Bob's particle's before he does.
Solution to homework question 1:
Still writing it up!